Diabetic Foot Pain - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (2022)

Diabetic foot pain is one of those symptoms or complaints many people with diabetes complain about. It is simply a way that your body tells you to get your glucose level under control or face some serious trouble. It is important to note that diabetic foot pain is just a part of wider diabetic foot issues that are common in diabetic patients. However do not forget that a minor diabetic foot pain could result to something very serious if not well handled. Diabetes has the ability to damage the nerves of the feet and impede blood circulation and this can result in foot pains.

What Does Diabetic Foot Pain Feel Like?

Diabetic foot pain is very painful for people who suffer from diabetics. This is because as mentioned above, diabetes can damage the nerves of the foot and when this happens, there is always a possibility of having blood circulation around the foot impeded. It could lead to the feeling of numbness or burning pain in the foot. This is to say that a lot of people who have diabetic foot pain will likely have stiff joints and may likely bleed since the ability of the blood to clout is decreased.

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Therefore, this kind of situation makes it difficult for wounds to heal or in some cases makes it much slower for wounds to heal. It is important to note that the decreasing nerve function on the foot makes the situation very tricky in the sense that there are some people who could have some foot wound without even knowing it. Diabetic foot pains feels like some other severe pains around the body but the difference in this case is that the stakes are higher here due to the complications of diabetes. People who suffer from diabetic foot pain tend to focus more on effectively managing the diabetes problem in general since it is a fall out on diabetics.

Symptoms

The symptoms that this presents arise due to the combination of reduced blood flow and nerve damage. Some of these symptoms include cellulitis which is the infection of the tissues found beneath the skin of the foot. Another common symptom is the osteomyelitis and this is the infection of the bone. Other important symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Calluses and Corns: Likely to develop due to abnormal alignment of the foot
  • Hammertoes or simply called bent toes which happen as a result of muscle weakness
  • Cracking of the foot skin due to dryness
  • Tinea Pedis which is simply the infection of the skin of the foot

Causes of Diabetic Foot Pain

There are a lot of causes for diabetic foot pain. Some of the most possible causes include:

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  • Poor Circulation in feet: One of the effects of diabetes in this situation is poor blood circulation. In this case, blood circulation is impeded to a very large extent and this could cause pains. In fact, it is regarded as a vascular disease in which blood flowing to the foot is severely restricted. Apart from the pains that come with it, having a poor blood circulation is also what makes foot wounds difficult to heal.
  • High Blood Sugar: There is absolutely no doubt that blood sugar management is very important for diabetic patients. The high level of glucose is one of the causes of diabetic foot pains in the sense that it is capable of slowing down the healing process of foot wounds and this can lead to severe pains. People suffering from diabetes especially the diabetes type 2 will always find it difficult fighting infections from wounds due to this problem.
  • Nerve Damage: This is one of the causes of diabetic foot pains in most of the cases. Nerve damage can be described as one of the causalities of the diabetes problem. This is a serious problem and can even lead to loss of sensation on the foot. It is important to note that nerve damage can lead to painful or tingly feelings at first. However, this can also reduce the foot pain sensitivity and in some cases lead to painless wounds likely to cause an ulcer.
  • Irritated or Wounded Foot: This is another cause of diabetic foot pains in most people. The irritation of the foot can cause severe pains that are likely not to go away until the underlying diabetic problem is handled properly. Unfortunately, wounds on the foot may become difficult to heal due to the poor circulation mentioned above and this adds to the pains.

Treatment

Not treating diabetic foot pain can result in even more severe foot problems and conditions. This is why it becomes important to treat this condition without any delay. There are several ways that can be used in the treatment of diabetic foot pains. They are but not limited to the following:

Off-Loading Method

The off-loading method simply means staying off your foot to prevent pains and it is helpful for every kind of foot problems. It is important to note that the pressure from walking can make the foot pain even worse than expected. If the pains is a result of a foot wound, then additional pressure will make the wound expand and infection become worse in the process. This will affect people especially the overweight type since the extra pressure they carry can aggravate the pains.

In addition, your doctor could treat the foot pains by encouraging you to wear certain items like braces, casts, diabetic shoes, shoe insert which aims to prevent things like calluses and corns and even compression wraps. The doctor will evaluate the pain and condition of your body to determine which kind of treatment will suit your body and produce the desired effect. This means that different diabetic foot pains can be handled differently.

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If the foot pains is as a result of a diabetic foot ulcer, then debridement can be used to treat the condition. In this case, it will mean a removal of foreign object, dead skin or even infections that may have caused the problem in the first place.

Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotic, anti-clotting medications to treat the wound if they are the sources of the diabetic foot pain that have progressed from minor to sever pains.

Home Remedies

Home remedies for diabetic foot pain may help you reduce the nerve pain as well as heal wounds or injuries to the foot faster. It is important that you do not ignore any injury to your foot if you are diabetic because it could lead to serious problems which include amputation in extreme cases. It is important that you see your doctor and get appropriate medication. However, there are some home remedies you can utilize to keep yourself out of foot diabetic foot pains.

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Zinc

It is important to note that zinc remains a very essential mineral which supports healing of wounds and injuries in the body. Unfortunately, people who suffer from diabetes have this essential mineral depleted from their body and this causes wounds not to heal easily. To regain zinc and solve foot pain problems, it is advisable to take a daily multivitamin mineral supplement which has the required dosage of zinc.

External Ointments

This is another important home remedy to utilize for this purpose. The ointment could be one from tea tree or calendula oil. You can use this against minor cuts or scrapes on the foot. Any ointment or gel as long as it contains tea tree oil, lemongrass oil or calendula should work for this purpose. This ointment has been proven to kill some bacteria or prevent them from growing. There are other supplements that can be used at home to tackle the diabetic foot pain problems. However, it is important to always consult your healthcare practitioner to provide direction in these cases because of the consequences of not handling it properly.

Pain Relief

In order to relief your diabetic foot pain problems, there are some certain things you could adopt:

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  • You could take load off your foot. For example, if you are standing for a long time, it will be better to incorporate some breaks regularly and take some pressure off the foot. You can try elevating the foot to an angle of 45 degrees and allow it in the same position for some minutes to reduce chances of swelling.
  • Soak the foot for some time to relieve the pain. You can place your foot in warm water mixed with salt and allow it soak for about 10 minutes. This helps ease sore and tired muscles of the foot.
  • Another way to relief diabetic foot pain is through hot and cold therapy. Run water on your foot while sitting on the edge of the bath. You can alternate in between cold and hot water allowing each for a little time. However, end the therapy with cold water.
  • Finally a massage can be helpful for foot pain relief. Get your foot massaged with oil and relief the pain immediately.

All people with diabetes are at risk for developing diabetic foot ulcers. Proper foot care is a must to prevent and manage painful problems.

All people with diabetes can develop foot ulcers, but good foot care can help prevent them.. One of the first signs of a foot ulcer is drainage from your foot that might stain your socks or leak out in your shoe.. The most visible sign of a serious foot ulcer is black tissue (called eschar ) surrounding the ulcer.. Sometimes, you won’t even show symptoms of ulcers until the ulcer has become infected.. 0: no open lesions; may have healed lesion 1: superficial ulcer without penetration to deeper layers 2: deeper ulcer, reaching tendon, bone, or joint capsule 3: deeper tissues involved, with abscess, osteomyelitis, or tendonitis 4: gangrene in a portion of forefoot or heel 5: extensive gangrenous involvement of the entire foot. Doctors can remove foot ulcers with a debridement, the removal of dead skin or foreign objects that may have caused the ulcer.. An infection is a serious complication of a foot ulcer and requires immediate treatment.. Infection of a foot ulcer can be prevented with:. foot baths disinfecting the skin around an ulcer keeping the ulcer dry with frequent dressing changes enzyme treatments dressings containing calcium alginates to inhibit bacterial growth. However, if no other treatment option can help your ulcer heal, surgery can prevent your ulcer from becoming worse or leading to amputation.. Scar tissue can become infected if the area is aggravated again, so your doctor may recommend you wear shoes specially designed for people with diabetes to prevent ulcers from returning.. If you begin to see blackened flesh around an area of numbness, see your doctor right away to seek treatment for an infected foot ulcer.. Ulcers may take longer to heal if your blood sugar is high and constant pressure is applied to the ulcer.. Once an ulcer has healed, consistent preventive care will help you stop an ulcer from ever returning.

Various health issues, including a pinched nerve and diabetes, can cause nerve pain in the foot. Here, learn why it happens, how it feels, and what to do next.

Nerve pain may result from a pinched nerve or a chronic condition, such as diabetes.. Regardless of the cause of the pain, someone with nerve pain in one or both feet may experience:. Tarsal tunnel syndrome causes pain in the feet and legs due to compression of the posterior tibial nerve, which runs down the back of the lower leg, or the plantar nerves in the feet.. Researchers currently do not know how common this condition is, as doctors often underdiagnose it.. The symptoms may worsen at night.. Researchers do not fully understand why certain people develop peripheral neuropathy while others do not.. Diabetic neuropathy affects more than 90% of people with diabetes.. Typically, the nerve pain first affects the toes and surrounding areas, and it may then slowly spread to the rest of the feet and up the legs.. Symptoms of sciatica include:. back pain on one side pain or a burning sensation in the buttocks leg weakness pain in the leg and foot. Surgery may also benefit people with nerve pain caused by issues other than sciatica.. Nerve pain in the foot tends to result from a compressed nerve or diabetes.

Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. High blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout the body. Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in the legs and feet.

Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes.. Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in the legs and feet.. Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy symptoms include pain and numbness in the legs, feet and hands.. Diabetic neuropathy is a serious diabetes complication that may affect as many as 50% of people with diabetes.. It affects the feet and legs first, followed by the hands and arms.. A lack of awareness that blood sugar levels are low (hypoglycemia unawareness) Drops in blood pressure when rising from sitting or lying down that may cause dizziness or fainting (orthostatic hypotension) Bladder or bowel problems Slow stomach emptying (gastroparesis), causing nausea, vomiting, sensation of fullness and loss of appetite Difficulty swallowing Changes in the way the eyes adjust from light to dark or far to near Increased or decreased sweating Problems with sexual response, such as vaginal dryness in women and erectile dysfunction in men. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that screening for diabetic neuropathy begin immediately after someone is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or five years after diagnosis with type 1 diabetes.. The risk of diabetic neuropathy increases the longer a person has diabetes, especially if blood sugar isn't well controlled.. Diabetes can damage the kidneys.. Kidney damage sends toxins into the blood, which can lead to nerve damage.. Damage to the nerves that control blood flow can affect the body's ability to adjust blood pressure.. Diabetic neuropathy.. Diabetes Care.. Diabetes and foot problems.

Learn about the symptoms of an infected foot, as well as causes and various treatment options. A foot infection will likely need medication treatment. Find out at which point you should see a doctor and what you can do at home to alleviate pain in the meantime.

Foot blisters can become infected and require immediate treatment.. In severe cases of athlete’s foot , you may develop blisters on your foot or between your toes .. The skin around an ingrown toenail can become infected.. Most foot infections require treatment.. Plantar warts sometimes clear up over time without treatment, and some may be effectively treated using OTC wart treatments.. Some foot infections, such as infected diabetic ulcers and bacterial cellulitis, require medical treatment.. A minor foot infection such as athlete’s foot or a plantar wart can often be treated at home, but other foot infections should be evaluated and treated by a doctor.

Here are 7 lifestyle changes & home remedies to temporarily relieve diabetic foot pain, as well as some that can help reverse pain over time.

The most common complication of diabetes is diabetic neuropathy , or diabetic nerve pain, which is often experienced as a variety of forms of pain in the feet.. Peripheral neuropathy is very common in diabetes patients, with 50% developing this conditions over 25 years.. Diabetic nerve damage in the feet is experienced through different types of nerve pain in the feet and toes.. It was found that those who were using the capsaicin cream experienced greater reductions in pain intensity and frequency.. There are many supplements that studies have found to help improve symptoms of diabetic foot pain, as well as help to slow down the associated nerve damage:. Vitamin D supplementation may help to improve pain threshold and thus improve symptoms.. Studies have found promising results when it comes to the use of acupuncture for relieving the pain caused by diabetic neuropathy.. Exercise may help to slow down the progression of diabetic neuropathy, but also to relieve some of the pain and other symptoms related to it.. Studies have found that following a healthy diet can lead to improvements in both pain and measures of disease progression.. The same eating habits that can help you to control diabetes can help to reduce any pain that you feel, including diabetic foot pain.. There are no cures for neuropathy in the feet of any type of diabetic neuropathy, however it is possible to slow the progression of the disease and reverse some of the symptoms.. Through exercise, a healthy diet, addition of supplements, and working with your doctor to control your blood sugar, you can ease your pain and protect yourself from more pain in the future.

Learn about some of the more common causes of pain on top of the foot and what can be done to treat them. This article also looks at foot care tips.

Pain on top of the foot may seem like an unusual location, particularly if no obvious injury took place there.. An injury, such as a sprain or bone break, can occur in any part of the foot, including the top.. If one of the midfoot bones is broken or a tendon is inflamed or torn, it may cause pain, swelling, bruising, and redness on the top of the foot.. The extensor tendons, located in the top of the foot, are needed for flexing or pulling the foot upward.. A ganglion cyst can cause pain if it is pressing against a muscle or joint in the foot.. Not all foot pain is related to an injury or overuse.. Foot pain cannot always be prevented, but practicing good foot care can help.

Rash is a noticeable change in the texture or colour of your skin. It creates reddishness and your skin becomes itchy, scaly and bumpy too! Skin is sensitive to certain environments which gradually develop into rashes if not addressed timely. This damage to outer layer of skin due to contact with chemicals such as

But sometimes you may see rashes along the sides of the foot near the bottom without any sort of rashes on any other part of the foot!. Although these are also rashes but they are commonly known as Athlete’s foot rash.. It is because the rashes may have occurred due to some infection or allergy which needs some doctor recommended foot rash cream.. Although rashes are alarming and you should visit the doctor as soon as you notice them occurring on the surface of your skin but sometimes the rashes are not too intense and thus you may try to delay a little.. So if you are suffering from rashes then go through foot rash pictures available on the web to discover the cause of these rashes.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication faced by people with diabetes which happens when the body starts running out of insulin.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication faced by people with diabetes which happens when the body starts running out of insulin.. DKA is most commonly associated with type 1 diabetes , however, people with type 2 diabetes that produce very little of their own insulin may also be affected.. Ketoacidosis is a serious short term complication which can result in coma or even death if it is not treated quickly.. A high level of ketone bodies in the blood can cause particularly severe illness. Diabetic ketoacidosis may itself be the symptom of undiagnosed type 1 diabetes.. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over a 24 hour period if blood glucose levels become and remain too high ( hyperglycemia ).. However, ketoacidosis can also occur at low or normal blood glucose levels.. The NHS reports that around half of hospital admissions for people with type 1 diabetes are a result of ketoacidosis.. Ketoacidosis in type 2 diabetes is less common but can also occur.. Missing insulin injections Administering too little insulin for a larger quantity of carbohydrate High sugar levels brought on by stress, illness or infection Having undiagnosed type 1 diabetes Faulty insulin pen Problems with delivery of insulin from an insulin pump. The best way to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis is to keep good blood glucose control at all times.

Videos

1. Diabetic Neuropathy: foot pain Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Control
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2. Diabetic Neuropathy, Animation
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3. Diabetic Foot Pain Symptoms and Treatment | Diabetes foot pain
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4. What are signs of Diabetic Foot | Prevention Tips and Treatment
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5. Diabetic Foot : Symptoms, Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment - Dr. Harish NS | Doctors' Circle
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6. Diabetic Neuropathy Problems, Causes and Solutions
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